Ten signs teachers should look out for if they suspect dyslexia in a child
Published on 20/10/2021
With more than 1,000 Brits searching for the term “dyslexia in children” on Google every month we at IDL hope to help teachers recognise the signs and symptoms children with dyslexia will often show, by sharing the most common behaviours to look out for.
While one of the most well-known signs of dyslexia is difficulty spelling words correctly, that is not always the case and often the condition can manifest itself in other ways. During this Dyslexia Awareness Month, here are the top 10 signs of dyslexia in children:
1. Confusing similar letters like p and q, or b and d. This will naturally happen as children develop their handwriting skills, but persistent mistakes can be a key indicator of visual processing problems.
2. Difficulty remembering sequences like days of the week, or the alphabet. Disordered processes resulting from dyslexia can make it harder for children to recall patterns like these.
3. Anxiety from reading or writing. Many children with dyslexia are unsure about their accuracy with both, and might panic when asked to read - especially aloud.
4. Preference to dictate written work. Apart from taking longer to write things by hand, many children with dyslexia are verbally eloquent but struggle when they’re asked to write things down.
5. Misspelling the same word in different ways. Over the course of a single task, a child with dyslexia might spell “help” as “hlep”, “hepl” and “hpel” without noticing.
6. Confusing similarly-spelt or sounding words, eg: bred and bread. Dyslexic children can be confused by words that sound and look the same, and can easily replace one with another in haste.
7. Difficulty recognising commonly used words. This is usually caused by the anxiety of thinking they know the word but are worried they will get it wrong, as much as it is caused by dyslexia itself.
8. Swapping words or phrases from lines above or below the one they are reading. Children with dyslexia often comment that they see words “dancing” around the page, which will also make it harder for them to follow a story or instructions.
9. Sloppy handwriting, or poor motor skills. While this is natural in children as they develop, children who show no sign of improvement could be struggling with visual processing difficulties.
10. Trouble understanding or remembering instructions. Issues with memory, such as forgetting the date even after being told, or simple verbal instructions can be indicative of dyslexia in children.
Like any learning disability, dyslexia can present challenges to school pupils throughout their education and people with dyslexia might feel like they are different to other people. It is true that the dyslexic brain works differently, but dyslexia can be as much a strength as it is a learning difficulty, however it is still key to notice the signs of dyslexia as early as possible, so children do not feel isolated. When left undetected, it can be confusing and lonely for dyslexic children.
On the flip side, once a child has been diagnosed with dyslexia it can actually become an almost “superpower”, as many people with dyslexia have other skill sets that outperform those without dyslexia such as creativity, problem-solving and many more. These traits are often not developed or discovered because the child loses confidence in their own abilities due to undiagnosed dyslexia.
We actually wrote another article on these “superpowers” in a separate article called 6 Dyslexic Superpowers which also talks about different celebrities that have dyslexia.
If you do suspect dyslexia in a child, ensure you get them assessed by a professional so that the child can be diagnosed and supported early on.
For more information on IDL and how literacy software can help children living with dyslexia, please click here.